Hanoi is in the process of developing a system of transport infrastructure in a remarkable way with a series of key works and projects completed …
Hanoi is in the process of developing a system of transport infrastructure in a remarkable way with a series of completed and coming into operation key works and projects and, in which Metro subway and Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is highly appreciated, bringing great results to the transportation industry. However, in addition to the works have been done, Hanoi still has many shortcomings that make transport infrastructure still unable to meet the people’s demands.
It is an increasingly serious traffic jam caused by a growing population and personal transportations; lack of clean water; polluted environment; air pollution, flooding in the rainy season … while the investment in urban traffic construction is still slow due to resource shortages, mechanisms and policies haven’t caught up yet the reality.
According to the vision plan until 2050, Hanoi city will have 8 urban railway lines (Metro subways) with a total length of 305 km, an average of 100-150 million USD / km of road, costing about 40 billion USD. Currently, Hanoi has just implemented 02 lines such as Nhon – Hanoi Railway station and Cat Linh – Ha Dong. Although Cat Linh – Ha Dong route has completed more than 90%, Nhon – Hanoi Railway Station has basically completed the girder system, however both routes are behind schedule.
Specifically, there are still many difficulties at the Nhon – Hanoi Railway Station because there are 4km of underground roads going into the city center. Additionally, the mechanism and capital source to implement the project are very difficult. So far, the work has completed 30% of its progress and accelerated to operate in 2021.
At the Cat Linh – Ha Dong Metro project, the leader of Railway Project Management said that the construction and installation volume of the project has been completed more than 90%, in which the train infrastructure has been basically completed. However, the project has over-invested more than 250 million USD (868 million USD compared with the initial investment of 552 million USD).
In the field of public transport, Hanoi is also being promoted to focus on fast bus routes such as Yen Nghia – Kim Ma, and will build the second BRT route of Kim Ma – Hoa Lac in the Quarter. I this year.
In addition to these two fast bus routes, according to approved transport plan by 2030, the city will have 7 BRT routes (with a total length of 191km) to solve the capital’s public transport to complete connections and to serve the residents’ transport needs
Thus, building a synchronous and modern system of domestic transport infrastructure to connect with regional transport infrastructure, using reasonable resources to focus on core and key investment; prioritize diffusion works, ensure connection among means of transport, major CBDs, key economic regions, gateways and important traffic hubs associated with infrastructure networks traffic in regional links aims to improve the efficiency of infrastructure investment in general and regional infrastructure in particular, making an important contribution to the breakthrough in transport infrastructure development.
According to the Transport Planning Project of Hanoi to 2030, the vision to 2050 is being approved by the City People’s Committee. Hanoi submits to the Prime Minister, Hanoi is aiming to build a complete transportation system, meeting the criteria: Sustainable, synchronous and modern. The project stated that in order to overcome a lot of inadequacies that are putting pressure on the transport system of the city, Hanoi will focus on developing a synchronous transport infrastructure network, ensuring the ratio of allocated land areas. through the area of urban construction land reaches 20-26% for central urban areas and 18-23% for satellite cities. In particular, the land area for static traffic reaches 3 – 4%. Hanoi also focuses on renovating and building 185 different intersections between highways, urban trunk roads with crossroads, new construction 11 bridges plus 6 existing bridges crossing the Red River in Hanoi area. … Along with there are 8 urban railway lines in urban centers; 8 fast bus routes; 11 highways, 8 national highways and 02 inter-regional roads connecting traffic from the Capital to the sides.